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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

LOCAL DIALECT.                                                             5
founded the town which still bears Ms name, and subordinated to it all the sur-
rounding country; including part of Khandauli, which is now in the Agra dis-
trict,
The Sahar Sarkar consisted of seven mahals, or parganas? and included the
territory of Bharat-pur. Its home pargana comprised a large portion of the
modern Mathura districtj extending from Kosi and Shergarh on the north Ło
Aring on the south. It was "not till after the dissolution of the Muhammadan
power that Kosi was formed by the Jats into a separate pargana ; as also was
the case with Shahpur, near the Gurganw border, which is now merged again
in Kosi, About the same unsettled period a separate pargana was formed ol
Gobardhm Subsequently, Sahar dropped out of the list of SarMrs alto-
gether ; great part of it, including its principal town, was subject to Bharat-
pur, while the remainder came under the head of Mathura, then called Islam-
pur or Islamabad. Since the mutiny, Sahar has ceased to give a name even to
a pargana j as the head-quarters of the Tahsildar were at thai time removed,
for greater safety, to the large fort-like sarae at Qhhata.
As might be expected from the almost total absence of the Mrahammadan
element in the population, the language of the people, as distinct from that of
the official classes, is purely Hindi. In ordinary speech * water^ is jal; c land'
is dharti;{ a father/ pita;e grandson,* ndti {from the Sanskrit nqpttty) and: * time*
is often samay* Generally speakicg, the conventional Persian phrases of com-
pliment are represented by Hindi equivalents, as for instance, ikbdl by pratdp
and tashrff Idnd by kripd karnd. The number of words absolutely peculiar to
the district is probably very small; for Braj Bhasha (and Western Mathora is
coterminous with Braj), is the typical form 01 Hindi, to which ofcher local varie-
ties are assimilated as far as possible, A short list of some expressions that
might strike a stranger as unusual has been prepared and will be found in the
Appendix. In village reckonings, the Hindustani numerals, whicfe are of sin-
gularly irregular formation and therefore difficult to remember, s^re seldom
employed in their integrity, and any sum above 20, except round numbers, is
expressed by a periphrasis—thus, 75 is not pachkattar, but pdnck glioA am, t.e.,
80—5 ; and 97 is not «o#dnatee, but tin ghat sau, i.e., 100—3. In pronun-
ciation there are some noticeable deviations from established usage i thus—x*$,
* is substituted for sh, as in *<fmtl for shdmil; sumdr for shumdr: 2nd, c&
takes the place of s as in Chit a for Sft4, and occasionally vice versd ; as in ckar»a
for charcha: and "3rd, in the vowels there is little or no distinction between a
and i, thus we have Lakskmin for Lakh/nan. The prevalence of this latter